Shotokan Karate Terminology

 

A great thing about karate is no matter where you train, in any country in the world all the terms are in Japanese. Here are the main terms you will hear:

 

Our lessons end after reciting The Dojo Kun...

DOJO KUN:

 

Hitotsu! Jinkaku kansei ni tsumuru koto!

 

Hitotsu! Makoto no michi o mamoru koto!

 

Hitotsu! Doryoku no seishin o yashinau koto!

 

Hitotsu! Reigi yo omonzuro koto!

 

Hitotsu! Kekki no yu o imashimuro koto!

 

 

STUDENT CREED:

 

One! To strive for perfection of character!

 

​One! To defend the way of truth!

 

​One! To foster the spirit of effort!

 

​One! To honour the principles of etiquette!

 

​One! To guard against impetuous courage!

These five statements were passed down by Master Gichin Funakoshi to his students. They emphasize his desire to ensure correct attitude towards behaviour in the dojo and towards life in general. The are spoken and reflected on at the end of class.

Sensei - Teacher

 

Dojo - Training hall

 

Rei - Bow

Yoi - Ready

Seiza - Kneel

Mokuso - Meditation

Keritsu - Stand up

 

Hajime - Begin

 

Kihon Waza - Basic Techniques

Kata - Series of set movements (forms)

Kumite - Fight / Sparring

 

Yame - End / Finish

 

Dogi - Uniform
Obi - Belt

 

Osu - Yes / I understand

 

Senpai - Senior

Kohai - Junior

 

Kyu - Junior rank, colored belt
Dan - Senior rank, black belt

 

 

COUNTING FROM ONE TO TEN:

 

One - Ichi

Two - Ni
Three - San
Four - Shi
Five - Go

 

Six - Roku

Seven - Shichi
Eight - Hachi
Nine - Ku
Ten - Ju

Dachi: Stances


Zenkutsu Dachi - Front Stance
Kiba-Dachi - Horse riding Stance
Kokutsu-Dachi - Back Stance
Shizen-Dachi - Natural Stance (Shizentai)
Heiko-Dachi - Feet shoulder width apart
Hachiji-Dachi - Feet shoulder width apart and pointed out
Uchu-Dachi - Feet shoulder width apart and pointed in
Musubi-Dachi - Heels together, feet turned out 45 degrees
Heisoku-Dachi - Feet and toes together
Teiji-Dachi - T-angled stance
Renoji-Dachi - L-stance
Hangetsu-Dachi - Half Moon Stance
Kosa-Dach-Crossed - feet stance
Neko-ashi-Dachi - Cat stance

Tsuki-Waza: Punching techniques

Choku-tsuki - Front punch
Oi-tsuki - Lunge punch
Gyaku-tsuki - Reverse punch
Kizami-tsuki - Leading hand snap punch
Sanbon-tsuki - Three punch combination
Age-tsuki - Rising punch
Ura-tsuki - Half punch (upper-punch)
Kage-tsuki - Hook punch
Mawashi-tsuki - Round punch
Morote-stuki - Double punch
Yama-tsuki - Over the Mountain double punch
Tate-tsuki - Verticle punch

Uke-Waza: Blocking Techniques

Gedan-barai - Downward block
Age-uke - rising block
Soto-uke - otside forearm block
Uche-uke - Inside forearm block
Shuto-uke - knife hand block
Juji-uke - block
Haishu-uke - backhand block
Teisho-uke - palm block
Kakiwaki-uke - Inside wedge hand block
Morote-uke - Reinforced forearm block
Nagashi-uke - Sweeping block
Tate shuto-uke - Verticle knife hand block

Keri-Waza: Geri-Waza: Kicking techniques

Mae-geri - Front kick
Mawashi-geri - Round kick
Ushiro-geri - Back kick
Yoko-geri - Side kick
Tobi-geri - Jumping kick
Hiza-geri - Knee kick
Kakato-geri - Axe kick
Fumikomi-geri - Downward thrust kick
Mikazuki-geri - Cresent kick
Gyaku Mawashi - geri-Reverse round kick

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